- Sarah Leah Whitson, Human Rights Watch Middle East director, arguing in the organization's World Report 2016 that changes to Qatar's sponsorship system leave the "fundamentally exploitative characteristics of the kafala system in place."
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The government department in charge of constructing Qatar’s new roads, highways, schools and hospitals may soon force its contractors to provide their employees with minimum living and worker conditions, a human rights advocacy group has said.
At a press conference late Thursday afternoon, Human Rights Watch researcher Nick McGeehan said he was told by individuals “close to the government” that Qatar’s public works authority, Ashghal, will require its contractors to follow a workers’ code of conduct.
The standards were introduced by the two organizations responsible for many of the country’s most prominent construction projects following international criticism of human rights abuses of migrant workers in Qatar.
These include employers using exploitative recruitment practices, forcing workers to live in overcrowded and substandard housing and not paying employees on time.
In the case of the Supreme Committee’s Workers’ Welfare Standards, these requirements include allowing employees to keep their passports and only using recruitment firms that don’t charge migrants fees, as well as a ban on bunk beds in labor camps.
Human rights advocates have noted that while the standards are a welcome development, they only cover a fraction of Qatar’s massive migrant labor workforce.
If Ashghal were to adopt and enforce similar measures, however, many of the country’s construction and manpower firms that provide substandard accommodations and working conditions would find themselves shut out of a large portion of the country’s infrastructure projects.
An Ashghal spokesperson could not immediately be reached for comment.
McGeehan highlighted the adoption of these conduct codes by QF and local World Cup organizers as a positive development in Qatar, which he concedes has become a “lightening rod” for criticism of migrant worker abuses that occur throughout the region.
However, he said it was still too early to assess the effectiveness of the conduct codes in improving local living and working standards, and cautioned that they are no substitute for national reforms.
“We’ll never accept a two-tier labor system,” McGeehan said. “It’s not sufficient for Qatar to simply say, ‘We’ve protected the guys building the stadiums’ … This should be a blueprint for reform, not a way of circumventing state-led reform.”
Yesterday’s press conference, held to launch the latest edition of HRW’s annual report that documents human rights practices in dozens of countries, also touched on the limited progress on reforming Qatar’s sponsorship (kafala) system.
The changes were supposed to come into effect in late 2014 or early this year and include measures aimed at making it easier for expats to change jobs and leave the country, as well as harsher penalties for passport confiscation and non-payment of wages.
McGeehan reiterated yesterday that the measures fall short of what HRW had expected and called on Qatar to abolish the exit permit system outright and announce a firm timeline for implementing reforms.
Freedom of expression
HRW also called on local authorities to release Qatari poet Mohammed Rashid al-Ajami, who is currently serving a 15-year prison sentence after being recorded reciting verses that were indirectly critical of the country’s ruling family.
McGeehan called the conviction a violation of al-Ajami’s right to freedom of expression.
However, McGeehan said it was also important to note that compared to some neighboring countries, Qatar is a leader in allowing free speech and highlighted how HRW can visit the country, meet with government leaders and speak to the media unimpeded.
“Although we don’t necessarily agree with the Qatari government on many issues – and they don’t agree with us on issues – we’re able to talk freely about it. In other countries in the region, we simply can’t do that,” he said. “We hope that Qatar can maintain that status.”
Instead of supporting press freedom, [Qatar’s] draft media law is a commitment to censorship.
US-based group Human Rights Watch (HRW) says the law “builds in a double standard on free expression” inconsistent with the Qatari government’s moves toward media freedom, including establishing the Doha Centre for Media Freedom, setting up a branch campus of Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism and funding international news network Al Jazeera.
Specifically, the organization highlights vague wording in the draft bill that bars critical reporting on Arab and friendly countries, and would penalize news outlets for running anything that could be deemed offensive to Qatar’s ruling family or damaging to national interests.
HRW is also calling for the government to drop charges against Qatari poet Mohammed Ibn al-Dheeb al-Ajami, who has been imprisoned since last November for allegedly criticizing the Emir.